Dry skin is quite uncomfortable and if you suffer from dry skin then you’ll likely experience problems such as itching, scaling and cracking. These can happen for many reasons such as if you naturally have dry skin. However, even if you have an oily skin type, then you can also get dry skin occasionally.

Any part of your body can be affected by dry skin. Typically, it tends to affect the legs, hands and arms. Simple lifestyle changes as well as moisturizers that you can get over the counter can treat it. If these aren’t sufficient to help, then you should get medical advice from a doctor.

Also, if you wash your hands or use hand sanitizer frequently, this can also lead to dry skin on your hands. So, every time that you wash your hands, it is a good idea to use moisturizer.

Dry Skin Types

If you’re exposed to hot water, particular chemicals or even dry weather, this can lead to your skin drying out. You can also get dry skin if you have underlying medical issues.

Skin that is extremely dry is known as dermatitis. There are many types of dermatitis and they are as follows:

Contact dermatitis

This occurs when your skin has a reaction to something that has touched it which results in inflammation (localized).

Irritant contact dermatitis happens when you are in contact with a chemical agent that causes skin irritation. For example, exposure to bleach can cause this.

Allergic contact dermatitis happens when your skin is contact with a particular substance that you are allergic to. For example, some people are allergic to nickel and other materials.

Seborrheic dermatitis

This happens when your skin creates excess oil. This can cause your skin to develop a red and scaly rash. In many cases, this develops on your scalp and it is particularly common in infants.

Atopic dermatitis

This type of dermatitis is also called eczema. It appears as dry scaly patches on skin. Children are particularly susceptible to this.

There are medical conditions that can lead to dry skin such as type 2 diabetes, psoriasis etc.

Is it normal to have dry skin?

Yes, it is normal to get dry skin. When you grow older, your skin may become dryer. So, it is quite common for people who are 60+ years old to have dry skin.

Dry skin causes

This condition occurs when the skin quickly loses water and becomes dehydrated. There are a couple of things that can lead to this.

Dry skin risk factors

Anyone can experience dry skin. However, there are particular risk factors that increase the probability that you will get dry skin and they are as follows:

Age: As you get older, you have a higher likelihood of getting dry skin. This is due to the fact that as you age, your pores will secrete less oil, resulting in dryer skin.
Medical history: If you have allergic diseases within your family or you personally have a history of skin issues, then you’d have a higher likelihood of developing allergic contact dermatitis or eczema.
Season: In the winter and fall months, humidity levels are usually quite low, so this leads to higher rates of dry skin. However, during the summer time, there is higher humidity which actually helps prevent skin drying.
Personal hygiene habits: If you shower very frequently or even shower with hot water, this increases your chances of developing dry skin.

Chronic and severe dry skin

Most people experience dry skin occasionally, however, there are others who deal with very severe and chronic dry skin. This can result in skin that is inflamed, flaky and irritated a lot more often and this is quite challenging to deal with.

Chronic dry skin causes

There are a couple of risk factors and causes that can lead to bad or chronic dry skin. Some of these are:

Old age
Particular medications
Dysfunction with the skin barrier
Vitamin deficiencies
Kidney disease, diabetes, thyroid disease